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  İNGİLİZCE GRAMER / ENGLISH GRAMMAR

 



SUBJECT PRONOUNS (ÖZNE ZAMİRLERİ): I, YOU, HE, SHE, IT, WE, THEY

OBJECT PRONOUNS (NESNE ZAMİRLERİ): ME, YOU, HIM, HER, IT, US, YOU, THEM

 

Zamirler yani pronouns Türkçede olduğu gibi isimlerin yerine kullanılan kelimlerdir. Örneğin Mustafa adlı kişiye You (Sen) şeklinde hitap ederken aslında isminin yerine başka bir kelime kullanarak hitap etmiş oluyoruz. Özne zamirleri adı üstünde cümlede özne olarak bulunan isimlerin yerini alır. Nesne zamirleri ise cümlede nesne olarak bulunan kelimelerin yerini alır.

1. Tabloya bakınız.

 

 

SUBJECT +

 

VERB +

 

OBJECT
Mary 
She
saw 
saw
Peter and Paul
them

 

Burada dikkat ediniz Mary yerine She, Peter and Paul yerine de them kullanabiliyoruz.

 

2. Özne ve Nesne Zamirlerinin ayrıntılı tablosu:

 

SUBJECT PRONOUNS (Özne)
OBJECT PRONOUNS (Nesne)
 I 
you 
he 
she 
it 
we 
you 
they
(Ben)
(Sen)
(O)
(O)
(O)
(Biz)
(Siz)
(Onlar)
me 
you 
him 
her 
it 
us 
you 
them
(Beni, bana)
(Seni, sana)
(Onu, ona)
(Onu, ona)
(Onu, ona)
(Bizi, bize)
(Sizi, size) 
(Onları,onlara)

 

3. Bu konuşmada geçen özne ve nesne zamirlerine bakınız. 

A:   I saw Sheila yesterday, but she didn't see me.
B:   Are you going to see her tomorrow?
A:   No, I 'm meeting Steve. We are playing golf.
B:   You're bothe beginners! It isn't an easy game. I played it last year and I was terrible!
A:   Why don't you come with us? We can help you.
B:   I would like to play with you both tomorrow, but my brother is leaving in the afternoon. He is catching the two o'clock train, and we're taking him to the station. He's spending a month with our aunt and uncle. They live in Scothand. I stayed with them last year.

 

4. It zamirini eşya, hava, saat, gün, tarih, uzaklık, ve hayvanlar için kullanırız. 
I'm studying economics. It's a difficult subject.
It's hot today.
It's four o'clock.
It's Tuesday. It's the third of April.
It's 200 miles to York.
Look at that bird! It's eating bread.

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ALIŞTIRMALAR (EXERCISES)

A- Altı çizili kelimeler yerine hangi subject ve object pronoun geleceğini tespit edin. 
Örnek-   John and I saw Peter yesterday. He bought John and me a cup of coffee.  (We - us)

1- David and Mike are arriving today. I'm meeting David and Mike at the station.
2- I'm looking for Mary. Have you seenMaryMary isn't at home.
3- John and I saw a film called 'The Tiger' yesterday. Have you seen'The Tiger' ?
4- Come to the swimming pool with Joanna and me . Joanna and Iare leaving now.
5- George and Jane are meeting Paul today. Paul is having lunch withGeorge and Jane.
6- There's Jack! Jack's got a heavy suitcase. Shall we help Jack? is having lunch with George and Jane. 

B- James kendinden bahsediyor. Boşluklara hangi zamir gelir? 
Hi! 0   am James and 1   live in Australia.
2   've got two brothers. 3  're called Pete and Mike. My mother works at the hospital.
4  is a doctor. My father works in a sport shop.
5  works very hard. The shop makes a lot of money, and6  's always full of people.

Boşluklarda uygun zamiri işaretleyiniz. 
On Saturdays I work for my father. I help 7   in the shop, and he gives 8   some money. On Sundays we go to the beach. We have two dogs, and we take 
9  with us. We also take a ball and they play with 
10   on the beach while we swim in the sea.

Boşluklarda uygun zamiri işaretleyiniz. 
At the moment I'm at university. I'm studying business.
11   's an interesting subject. Two of my schoolfriends are at university with 12   . 
Our teachers are good but 13   give 
14   a lot of work to do. Next week
15   are all taking our first exams. I want to get good marks in 16   


 

 

 




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